Cheeky Logo
Ready To Get Hired?
Apply To Book A Free Call With Our Transition Specialist Team

7 Tips To Help Women Scientists Overcome Impostor Syndrome And Transition Into Industry

The further I progressed through graduate school, the more I felt like an imposter.

No matter how many papers I published or lectures I taught, I still felt like I didn’t belong.

I absolutely knew that I was not as smart or talented as my peers.

I kept waiting for everyone else to see me for the fraud I was.

My fears turned into stress and eventually depression.

When it came to applying for positions outside of academia, my chronic self-doubt told me I would never be qualified for anything outside my current field of expertise. 

Was I even qualified for my current field of expertise?

I looked around my institute and noticed that the majority of high-level academic positions were employed by individuals who had an air of confidence I simply did not possess.

Why did I always feel I could not compete?

What was holding me back?

It wasn’t until I started talking to others about my fears of being a phony that these fears started to go away.

Eventually I overcame my impostor-like feelings and transitioned into industry.

Why Female PhDs Feel Like Impostors

If you’re a woman scientist and feel like an impostor, you’re not alone.

A report in Psychotherapy Theory, Research and Practice shows that up to 70% of high-achieving women have suffered from Impostor Syndrome at one time or another.

This is significant when you consider what it means to have Impostor Syndrome. 

According to the California Institute of Technology, people suffering from this Syndrome persistently see themselves as inadequate or as failures despite information indicating that they are adequate or successful.

These people chronically experience feelings of self-doubt and intellectual fraudulence.

One study reported in the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology found that people who frequently suffer from Impostor Syndrome, labeled as impostors, perform less well and are more anxious in general than those who suffer infrequently, labeled as non-impostors.

Impostors also feel worse and suffer a greater loss in self-esteem than non-impostors after a perceived failure.

They feel poor and unhappy no matter how much career success they’ve achieved.

Other studies show that Impostor Syndrome is strongly correlated with self-sabotage and feelings of shame.

If you’re a woman researcher and want to transition into industry, you must overcome your fear of not being good enough.

You can have all the expertise in the world, but none of it will mater if you don’t know your own value and feel like an impostor.

7 Tips For Women Who Want To Transition Into Industry

The first step to transitioning into industry is knowing your worth.

The second step is knowing what you’re up against.

A study last year commissioned by the Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) of the UK labour market, showed that women make up just 12.8% of the STEM workforce.

That’s an increase of only 0.2% from 2012.

A census by the United States Census Bureau in 2013 concluded that among science and engineering graduates, men are employed in a STEM occupation at twice the rate of women (31% compared to 15%).

Even more staggering is the fact that nearly 1 in 5 female science and engineering graduates are out of the labor force compared with 1 in 10 male graduates.

These statistics were not easy to look at.

I hid from them at first. But hiding was a mistake.

I should have faced these odds head on.

Once I started facing and preparing for these odds, my career took off.

The first thing I did was join the Cheeky Scientist Association.

This is where I learned to embrace my self-worth, regardless of my gender. I also learned how to start fighting for the future I really wanted.

Here are some of the lessons I learned along the way…

1. Ask The Difficult Questions.

There is no room for women to be meager and shy in science. 

A report called “Double Jeopardy?” by the University of California’s Hastings College of the Law found that 64% of female students feel they have to provide more evidence of their capabilities than male colleagues in order to receive the same recognition.

This means women have to go that extra mile to prove their worth.

They must speak up and speak out about what they are passionate about.

2. Find Support And Be Supportive Of Others.

Unfortunately, in the battle to stand out, many women tend to turn their backs on one another to get ahead.

By doing so, these women hold themselves back.

A better strategy is for women scientists to bind together and support each other in their pursuit of STEM careers. 

There are many non-profit organizations for women in science that can help to build your network and provide mentorship along the way.  Here are just a few:

UK:  WISE, Women in Science and Engineering

US: AWIS (Association for Women in Science)

Canada: SCWIST (Society for Canadian Women in Science and Technology)

Europe:  WiTEC (European Association for Women in Science Engineering & Technology)

Australia: Women in Science Australia

Global: HBA (Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association), Lean In Circles

3. Fail Forward.

The best accomplishments are achieved after many rounds of trial and error.

Even the most brilliant minds have made mistakes.

Did you know that Linus Pauling won the Noble Prize after asserting his triple helix model of DNA? 

His paper proposing the triple helix structure was published in 1953 and he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.

It’s true.  Yet, of course, the structure of DNA is a double helix.

We do not expect absolute perfection from others at all times and should not demand absolute perfection from ourselves at all times. 

As long as we learn from our mistakes, we will continue to grow and become stronger and more intelligent.

4. Wear Many Hats.

Scientist. CEO. Mother. Athlete. Writer.

You do not have to be defined by any one job or any one thing.

Too many women confine themselves to a single pursuit.

They falsely believe they can only be scientists or businesswomen or mothers.

In reality, these women can be many things at once. They don’t have to fit themselves into a box.

In academia, all PhDs are constantly asked what we will do when we are done.

As if there is some perfect job waiting for us once we graduate.

But there is no perfect job and the women who go on to be successful in industry are those who are willing to wear many hats and refuse to fit into any one mold.

5. Stop Apologizing.

Constantly apologizing for oneself is a habit not exclusive to women but it is a very prominent and problematic characteristic nonetheless.

In a recent opinion article in the New York Times, Sloane Crosley eloquently wrote, “The sorrys are taking up airtime that should be used for making logical, declarative statements, expressing opinions and relaying impressions of what we want.”

When you constantly apologize, you communicate to both yourself and the outside world that you’re always wrong.

This hurts both your self-esteem and your integrity.

A study published in the European Journal of Social Psychology shows that refusing to apologize provides several psychological benefits, including empowerment, confidence, and greater feelings of integrity and self-respect.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that you should never apologize.

If you did something legitimately wrong or failed to deliver, own up to it, learn from it, and move on.

However, if you’re apologizing for your beliefs, your desires, your goals, your past, or the fact that you are a woman, you must stop if you want to move forward.

6. Celebrate The Small Victories

While woman face many difficulties in the workplace, it’s important to know that you don’t have to be a martyr.

You don’t have to carry the torch for all women.

Instead, all you have to do is fight your own battles and do what’s best for you and your career.

By doing this, you will set an amazing example for women around you and for the women scientists who will follow you.

An important part of staying motivated is celebrating even the smallest victories in your career.

Stop waiting for your peers and superiors to take notice and start validating your own victories.

At the end of each day, review your accomplishments and acknowledge that you are one day closer to achieving your career goals.

7. Embrace Your Self-Worth

Women scientists have many advantages over other job candidates.

Female researchers are mentally strong and courageous people. 

From Emilie du Chatelet (1706–1749) to Marie Curie (1867–1934) to Jane Goodall (1934–), women have changed the world of science while also giving birth and raising children.

You have all the skills you need to be successful in industry. You are valuable.

If you’re a woman and have a PhD or are on your way to having one, the future is yours.

The only thing that can hold you back is yourself.

Know your value and get the training you need to transition into the non-academic career of your choice. Women scientists are desperately needed in industry, but you have to step up and seize the position you want. You can do this by asking the difficult questions and by finding a supportive network. By wearing many hats, refusing to apologize for the fact that you’re a woman, and celebrating even the smallest victories—you will be successful.

If you’re ready to start your transition into industry, you can apply to book a free Transition Call with our founder Isaiah Hankel, PhD or one of our Transition Specialists. Apply to book a Transition Call here.

Book a Transition Call
Get Free Job Search Content Weekly


Cathy has a PhD in Medical Life Science and Technology and is COO of the Cheeky Scientist Association. Cathy is passionate about science communication including translating science to lay audiences and helping PhDs transition into industry positions. She is Chair of Cambridge AWiSE, a regional network for women in science, engineering and technology. She has also been selected to take part in Homeward Bound 2018, an all-female voyage to Antarctica aimed to heighten the influence of women in leadership positions and bring awareness to climate change.

Catherine Sorbara, Ph.D.

Similar Articles

3 Entry-Level PhD Jobs Pay Six Figures A Year

3 Entry-Level PhD Jobs Pay Six Figures A Year

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

I was determined to stay in academia… until I wasn’t.  It took almost six years for me to reach the conclusion that academia just wasn’t for me.  My PhD defense was just a few months away, and I can’t lie: I was literally willing myself to stick it out. But what about after that? Professorship had been the goal for me before I ever even enrolled in college. It had been my dream. I had absolutely no idea what to do if it wasn’t going to teach. I knew what I didn’t want: I didn’t want to be tethered to…

5 Positions In Biopharma Perfect For Any PhD

5 Positions In Biopharma Perfect For Any PhD

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

It was by chance that I even considered a career in biopharma.  As far as I was concerned, academia was all there was. The world of industry was a big question mark to me, and that was fine. I found myself working on a postdoc, waiting for a tenure-track position to open up.  At first, it was exciting: a real, paying job as a PhD-level scientist. I showed up early, stayed late, and was happy to do it.  But a change happened, gradually. There was so much repetition in my day, and so much emphasis on performing tasks that required…

Top 5 Industry Career Tracks For PhDs

Top 5 Industry Career Tracks For PhDs

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

From the time I started graduate school, there was only one point in the future that I could focus on: the finish line. I was swept up in my own expectations and also caught up in what I thought was expected of me. But something I hadn’t given much thought to was what I actually wanted to do. I was about six months away from defending my thesis. That’s when I started to give some serious thought to what would happen after I added the “Dr.” to my name. It’s when I began to admit to myself that academia was…

Spin The Hard Knocks Of Academia To Your Advantage To Get Hired

Spin The Hard Knocks Of Academia To Your Advantage To Get Hired

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

Something that comes up a lot when I talk to new PhDs is that they think they don’t have enough on-the-job experience to apply for the high earning jobs they’re perfect for. I see this imposter syndrome prevent PhDs from even trying to apply for jobs – and puts a stop to their journey to getting hired in industry. So they settle.  For academia, where they don’t have job security.  For jobs that pay less and don’t value their abilities.  For a job they’re not interested in and don’t want, but they think it gets them “started” in industry when…

6 Rewarding Careers In Research Policy, Funding & Government

6 Rewarding Careers In Research Policy, Funding & Government

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

An indomitable spirit is a rare quality, but not among PhDs. Perseverance is a prerequisite that comes standard with every doctorate.  It seems like there’s no shortage of things that can stand in the way when you’re pursuing a terminal degree. Yet I’ve only met a handful of PhDs who weren’t cut out for the hardships of academia. They made it past the gauntlet of frustrating academic advisors, endless hours in the lab, and year upon year of compounding stress. But there are some things that arise that you simply can’t prepare yourself to push through. Sometimes life happens. PhDs…

Best Of Transition: Ph.D. Jobs & Job Search Strategies January 7, 2023

Best Of Transition: Ph.D. Jobs & Job Search Strategies January 7, 2023

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

Every week, we at Cheeky Scientist scour the Internet for the best articles on topics that help in the search for the Best of Transition: PhD Job Search in the industry. Our two consultants independently search for the most informative articles in the categories of networking, CVs/resumes, interviews, transferable skills, academic blues, industry positions, and business acumen. Our consultants vote on a top article for each category and a top overall article for the week – if it’s a recent article that can help readers find and acquire PhD jobs, then we want to include it in this weekly digest.…

4 Red-Hot Intellectual Property Positions For PhDs

4 Red-Hot Intellectual Property Positions For PhDs

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

I just got off the phone with an old friend of mine.  We were researchers at the same lab back in our university days. We had lost touch, but when he found me on LinkedIn I couldn’t wait to hear what he’s done since graduation.  He told me he had not wound up in chemistry, which had been his major. Biomolecular chemistry, he reminded me. Instead, he decided to pursue a career in patent law.  Here’s his transition story: I was in the process of earning my PhD in biomolecular chemistry. That’s where I learned that patents were unrecognized by…

4 Oddly Popular PhD Careers In Finance And Business

4 Oddly Popular PhD Careers In Finance And Business

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

PhDs in the sciences and humanities are not qualified to work in finance or business. At least that’s what I thought. That was until I started hearing more of my former colleagues talk about their transition into consulting and financial service roles. These were people who specialized in very niche areas of science. I was surprised to learn that their skills were needed in the financial and business sectors of industry. What can a PhD in the sciences or humanities possibly contribute to finance and business? As always, it comes down to your transferable skills. These sectors are seeking highly…

PhD Careers In Clinical, Medical, And Regulatory Affairs

PhD Careers In Clinical, Medical, And Regulatory Affairs

By: Isaiah Hankel, PhD

I was defending my PhD in 6 months, and I still had no idea what I wanted to do. What job did I want? Where did I see myself in 5 to 10 years? My goal was to get out of academia and into industry – and as quickly as possible. Beyond that, I hadn’t thoroughly considered my options. In fact, when I finally sat down to apply for jobs, I blindly searched for open positions using standard terms: “Researcher,” “Scientist,” “Biologist,” and so on. As a science PhD, that’s what I was qualified for, right? What I didn’t appreciate…

Top Industry Career eBooks

63 Best Industry Positions For PhDs

63 Best Industry Positions For PhDs

Isaiah Hankel, PhD & Arunodoy Sur, PhD

Learn about the best 63 industry careers for PhDs (regardless of your academic background). In this eBook, you will gain insight into the most popular, highest-paying jobs for PhDs – all of which will allow you to do meaningful work AND get paid well for it.

Industry Resume Guide for PhDs

Industry Resume Guide for PhDs

Isaiah Hankel, PhD

Learn how to craft the perfect industry resume to attract employers. In this eBook for PhDs, you will get access to proven resume templates, learn how to structure your bullet points, and discover which keywords industry employers want to see most on PhD resumes.

AI & ATS Resume Filters

AI & ATS Resume Filters

Isaiah Hankel

In today's competitive job market, understanding the impact of AI is crucial for career success. This involves ensuring your resume stands out in the digital realm, mastering your online presence, and being aware of how AI assigns reputation scores. Discovering how to leverage AI to your advantage is essential, as it plays a pivotal role in shaping professional opportunities.

Complete LinkedIn Guide For PhDs

Complete LinkedIn Guide For PhDs

Isaiah Hankel

The LinkedIn tips & strategies within have helped PhDs from every background get hired into top industry careers.